75 PIVOTAL PUBLIC POLICIES: FORMATION OF WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

A specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for public health, the World Health Organisation (WHO) combined the operations of the former League of Nations Health Organisation and the Office International d’Hygiene Publique. Its expanded mandate included advocating for universal healthcare, monitoring risks to public health, coordinating responses to health emergencies and promoting human health and well-being.

 

The WHO, founded in 1948, played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox, the near eradication of polio and the development of an ebola vaccine. Its role during the COVID-19 pandemic was important but controversial as its biggest funder, the United States, temporarily withdrew from it at the behest of President Trump, the organization’s loudest critic.

 

Click here to see the complete list of 75 public policies that changed the world

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