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Inclusive Economy
75 Pivotal Public Policies: The British Telecom IPO

75 Pivotal Public Policies: The British Telecom IPO

The history of privatization dates back to Ancient Greece, when governments contracted out most areas of commercial activity to the private sector. In the Roman Republic, meanwhile, private individuals and companies organised tax collection, some

Inclusive Economy
75 Pivotal Public Policies: Sweden’s Paid Paternity Leave

75 Pivotal Public Policies: Sweden’s Paid Paternity Leave

In the first half of the 20th Century a number of countries introduced some state payments and limited job protections for new mothers. However, in most places it remained common-place for working women to be

Inclusive Economy
75 Pivotal Public Policies: Brazil’s Bolsa Familia

75 Pivotal Public Policies: Brazil’s Bolsa Familia

Introduced by President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in 2003, the Bolsa Familia (Family Allowance) scheme provides financial aid to poor Brazilian families in return for assessed societal gains. If families claiming the benefits have

Governance
75 Pivotal Public Policies: Kenya’s M-Pesa

75 Pivotal Public Policies: Kenya’s M-Pesa

The launch of M-Pesa in 2007 by telecom firms Safaricom and Vodafone made Kenya a leader in expanding the financial inclusion of poorer people as the global pioneer of phone-based banking: a cheaper, more efficient,

Inclusive Economy
75 Pivotal Public Policies: Deng Xiaoping’s Reforms

75 Pivotal Public Policies: Deng Xiaoping’s Reforms

The global economy would have been very different today were it not for China's decision to end its isolation and open for business with the world a couple of years after the death of Chairman

Governance
75 Pivotal Public Policies: Creation Of World Trade Organization

75 Pivotal Public Policies: Creation Of World Trade Organization

First discussed during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, an economically destructive era of protectionism and trade wars began to be reversed by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1947. The

Inclusive Economy
Alan Joyce: Flying Without A Bailout

Alan Joyce: Flying Without A Bailout

The Qantas fleet of A380s may be languishing thousands of miles from home in the dry heat of the Mojave desert, but chief executive Alan Joyce is optimistic about the airline’s future. Delta, American, United,

Energy
Renewables Before Coal. Vietnam’s New Masterplan

Renewables Before Coal. Vietnam’s New Masterplan

As the world went into lockdown, new renewable energy projects around the world ground to a halt. The transition to clean energy, a policy priority for many governments just 12 months ago, now faces an

Food
Singapore Sprouting. A Pioneering Ag Tech Policy

Singapore Sprouting. A Pioneering Ag Tech Policy

Singapore has an impressive history of succeeding against the odds, emerging as a global economic and financial powerhouse out of the most unpromising conditions when it secured its independence after the Second World War. Becoming

Inclusive Economy
Covid’s Risk Premium. Policies For An Uninsurable Pandemic

Covid’s Risk Premium. Policies For An Uninsurable Pandemic

Before Covid-19 gripped the world in a pandemic, myriad forecasts were made about the transfer of risk from the public to the private sector. With rising populations, governments would rely increasingly on private investors and

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