A landmark institution in international law created in The Hague in 1998 and starting operations four years later, the International Criminal Court has become a controversial but important force for international justice.
With 123 member states, the ICC is the only permanent international court with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. More than 40 individuals, including former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, have been indicted in the court. Getting convictions has often proven difficult, not least because many of those indicted have remained fugitives from justice or, as in the case of Gaddafi, have died before they could have their day in court.
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