75 Pivotal Public Policies: Estonia’s E-Residency

e-Estonia was created by the Estonian government in 1991 as a movement to facilitate citizen interactions with the state through the use of electronic solutions. At the time, only half of the population possessed a phone line. Nine years later, Estonia declared internet access to be a human right, investing in providing it to the whole nation.

Since then, the nation has led the world in using i-Voting, digital ID cards, e-governance and e-health policies to increase citizen engagement in everyday governance. Arguably its most innovative move came in 2014, when it started to offer “e-Residency”. This allows non-residendts to register online for a smart digital ID card that allows them to access a broad range of Estonian government services, from banking to forming a company. Though this has yet to be taken up elsewhere, it is showing policymakers everywhere what the digital future of government could be.


Click here to see the complete list of 75 public policies that changed the world


Driving Change

Read Previous

75 pivotal public policies: the creation of the defense advanced research projects agency

Read Next

75 Pivotal Public Policies: India’s Aadhaar Program

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sign up for our newsletter